Writers Block is one of the worst feelings a writer can experience. Even the best writers will suffer it at some point or another. Point in fact that I myself am suffering writers block in my novel at this moment.
Some writers use it as an excuse to give up and stop writing completely. This happens more when the writers block lasts for a considerable period. It does not just have to be over days, I have known it to be over weeks and even over two months before now.
Writers block can be for many reasons. Often it can be when you are struggling with a key part of your writing / plot and are not making any headway. If this continues and affects the flow of your writing you can find yourself feeling "stunted."
Other writers blocks can be because you have overstretched yourself. Maybe you have been taking too much on or pushing yourself too hard. This is often when the hobby and joy of writing turns into a tiring chore.
Writers block can blossom following negativity, whether your own doubts about your ability, your future success or from someone else's comments. Even the most well meaning critiquing can damage a writer if given at the wrong time. However as writers we must not shy from any critique, we just need to take it personally especially when we have writers block. If necessary in these times, we should put the critique aside and view it when the block has gone.
New writers often don't realise that Writers block will pass. It may not feel like that, but then flu often doesn't feel like it will pass while you are in the middle of suffering.
Writers can often get depressed when their writing flounders. This can then spiral out of control, and you start to question if anyone would even read your work, will it be published at all etc. You begin to view everything with a critical eye.
I have known writers to discard large chunks of prose during a writers block because they felt it was bad. This is a mistake, NEVER discard prose during a block. Put the work to one side and view it again when the block has passed. You will see things differently when you are not locked in a block.
If other things are happening in your life that are making you low, this can affect your writing. Be aware of it and try not to view your work too critically at this time. If necessary, stop writing when you are dealing with other things so you do not fall straight into a writers block and feel worse.
GETTING THROUGH THE BLOCK
If you do find yourself in a writers block, here are some tips that might help you through it.
Keep writing If you can, keep writing. If you find yourself sat before an empty page then just WRITE. Write whatever is in your head. Even if it is "I have nothing to write, why won't my brain work. This is very frustrating..." etc.
Use Pictures Find a picture, a scene, a landscape and object etc and describe it. Don't make it to o fancy, don't use your writers skills or flare just WRITE what you see. For example "The mantelpiece is dark wood, stretching half way up the wall. The fire doesn't work now and looks as clean as it did when it was first put in...." etc.
Start a New Project If it is your current story that you are struggling with, it could be due to a stagnation on your writing. This happens often if you over-read / over-edit your work. You get tired of it, see all the flaws and none of the positive aspects. Start something new. Even better, have a few different projects on the go anyway to help stop the stagnation from happening to begin with. It doesn't have to just be stories, how about articles, tutorials, the idea for a comic or screenplay etc.
Write a Letter Keep the writing going but do something different. Write a letter to an old friend, or to support a campaign. Campaign ones are great as they often require you to put your argument down clearly and concisely so this helps to kickstart your creative juices.
Read Take some time away from your own writing and read a book. This will give your brain some much needed respite and may also give you fresh ideas or better perspectives. You may even find a new way of approaching the problems you have in your own work.
Fresh air and exercise Writers tend to remain indoors, hunched over a computer or pad typing or scribbling away. Get away from your computer or your area of writing. Stretch yourself, go for a walk get some fresh air. Do some gentle exercises to get the blood flowing, this reduces tension, and release endorphins. You may even be feeling a little dehydrated. Again, many writers get caught up in drinking tea and coffee rather than water or fruit juice. Make sure your health does not suffer.
There is no hard and fast rule for Writers Block, the only one I can think of is don't let it stop you completely. Try the above tips, find some new ones and work out what works best for you. Depending on what the reason for the block may depend on the tip you use to combat it.